Current Member for less than 1 month (at the time of review).
This site lives up to its name, featuring exotic women in mostly softcore photosets and videos.
-very impressive ethnic talent pool
-generally high quality photography
-new shoots in 3000x2000 photo resolution
-new videos in 1080P
-credit is given to the photographer or videographer in a watermark
-excellent work this year by photographers JSP and GBP
-commonly features stripping, closeups, girl on girl, fingering, and dildos
-less commonly but consistently features peeing
-rare boy on girl, blowjobs, and anal
-all original content is online back to 2001
Some of these cons have been mentioned in previous reviews and they continue:
-search, tags, and categories still give incomplete results
-a small number of scenes are moved between this and the other ATK sites every year
-reposted archive content is not remastered
-favorite photographers Alicia S and BMB/Wanton Productions haven't produced anything this year
This is an amazing site, and one of my absolute favorites. I love to see beautiful women of all ethnicities in porn, and it is a rare site that features women as ethnically diverse as ATKExotics. ATKExotics is also the only site that consistently features high quality photos of ethnically diverse women peeing. So if you want to see many beautiful women from all around the world taking a pee in high quality photos, ATKExotics is basically your only option.
ATKExotics has produced some of my absolute favorite scenes, and they are still going strong. London Storm's peeing scene shot by Alicia S is one that I will never forget. She leans back with her legs spread, and smiles while she shoots a dark yellow stream straight up in the air, then lets it pool in her spread pussy and holds it open for some closeups. Unforgettable! Classic style for Alicia S!
One of my concerns is that there haven't been any new Alicia S scenes posted that were shot in 2015. All of her scenes posted this year were shot in previous years. BMB/Wanton is another studio that hasn't posted anything new on ATK for a while. It will be a loss if Alicia S and BMB/Wanton are done with ATK, but there are some new photographers who are really stepping up their game. JSP and GBP have produced all my favorite scenes in 2015, and I hope they keep going strong with the peeing scenes. Marco P made some incredible peeing scenes in 2014, and he is still producing new scenes, so I am eagerly awaiting his first pee scene of the year. I would also love to see more pee scenes from Pout Productions and Amy.
While not clearly a pro or a con, it is often noted in reviews that the scenes tend to follow a recognizable ATK format. It involves a solo model stripping down in a casual setting with various poses and closeups of the tits and pussy. I personally like this format, because I enjoy closeups, and the format ensures that closeups get taken. I also understand why others find it repetitive. There is plenty of variety if you look for it though, primarily in the types of acts featured in the scenes. There is also variation in the skill of photographers if you really look for it. There is not much variation in the style of photography though, for example there aren't any glam or flashy photos, and the goal seems to be realism.
One of the most interesting aspects of ATK is the acknowledgement of individual photographers. They all produce many sets in the classic ATK style, but then there are other sets where you can see the individual style of the photographer. I'm really glad they do this, because I can recognize that out of the dozens of photographers contributing to the site, my favorites come from a small handful. It would be great if the photographers were featured even more prominently on the site. For example, I think many members would like it if each active photographer had a page with some background info and also a section for comments and requests. Without this feature, I might make some posts asking for more peeing shoots for example, but how would that be acted upon? If there were the ability to post requests to individual photographers, I could limit that type of request to the 5 or so photographers who have produced peeing shoots over the past couple of years, and maybe get a dialogue going with some influence on the shoots themselves.
One downside that was mentioned in previous reviews is the unreliable search, tag, and category functions. If I relied solely on these functions to find their peeing content, for example, I would miss about half of it. The only way to find every shoot that suits your tastes is still to review them all, one by one, start to finish. I can only take so many points for this though, because it is much better to have the best content with a poor search function that it is to have poor content that is searchable with accuracy.
They also occasionally repost older content or content from other ATK sites as updates. I am a fan of this when it is content that was previously offline, but what is the point of just bumping up older shoots in the list of updates? If production is slow for any given week and this has to be done, it would be great if the older shoots were at least remastered.
All in all, I am extremely satisfied with ATK Exotics. They are the only site that I would give a 100% for their talent pool of models. I am wondering what the situation is with Alicia S and BMB/Wanton Photography - are they really done? I would also love to see more peeing scenes from JSP, GBP, and Marco P. This is a site that I will keep coming back too!
I logged into ATK Hairy today and found the site accessible and responsive. There was a message saying that ATK is in the process of upgrading their hardware due to the cyber attacks they have been undergoing, and that they were upgrading the storage system to reduce latency. Some issues would be expected as the disk system rebuilds, though.
The site is up, and as they indicated, they are making strides to overcome the cyber attacks on them. Kudos to them.
I've rejoined ATK as this is one of my favorite sites. As of today, I have experienced the server being down at least three times in the four days of my new membership. Never for long, but still unacceptable. Especially considering the content quality has slipped markedly recently while the price has actually increased. I can't even email customer service to complain because the email link to customer service is on the website, which is down. Arrrgh!
Advent, webmaster for ATK responds to my complaint below. Many thanks for the explanation for the server problems. And many venomous thoughts go to the individual(s) who launched the denial of service attacks on ATK.
The site is down again. Servers have been down all day. The problems have not been resolved permanently. This is very, very troubling.
Current Member for over 1 month (at the time of review).
Many reasonably attractive girls
Network includes multiple sites, depending on what you signed up for.
Many models have different types of sets listed (masturbation, foot fetish, lingerie, etc.)
There are early sets of a few popular models here.
Site is multi-lingual
File download speed seems pretty good.
What you see in the previews is representative of what you get.
Every set is exclusive to ATK
Site is often slow
Site often crashes (lots of 504 server-database errors)
Pages time-out so you can't go back or refresh
Lots of cross selling
Can't tell how many images there are.
Can't tell how many videos there are.
Navigation is a bit more challenging than it needs to be.
Many sets are nearly identical.
Some sets appear to have been recycled (Sets in only small resolution from 2011?)
Since every set is exclusive to ATK, chances are good you will see it elsewhere on an ATK site.
I'm having a hard time finding a lot to like about this website. Perhaps the best way to describe it is middle of the road. The models are your basic cross section of college-age Kmart or maybe Target shoppers. Some are attractive, many are not. None are truly stunning and almost none are truly hideous. This is a side effect of the amateur-type site status, I guess. There is a wide variety of body types from super skinny to...um...super plump, so if you like bigger girls, this might be a good site for you. These girls are all natural, ranging from nothing up top, to some giant melons, but breast size is proportionate to overall body type (i.e. fat is distributed evenly). There are no really fit or smoking hot bodies here, but a lot of nice 18-24 year-olds. The grace/awkward ratio is about even. Overall, there is a huge collection.
Navigation Is difficult. It is single threaded, and if you try to open multiple windows, the servers either throttle access or time-out...in other words getting through the images quickly is simply not possible. You can set how many thumbnails you want to see but, again, everything is single threaded so you have to wait to open a picture and then wait to return to the gallery.
The photography on this site is about average. The images are clear and consistent, but the lighting in the mostly indoor sets is not well developed or particularly flattering. You can tell that many of the sets with a model were shot on the same day in a different corner of a room or a different room in an apartment or hotel room.
The sets are a very standard formula. Girl starts out standing, clothes on, peekaboo, strip (often bottom first for some reason), show ass, spread, gaping spread, then depending on the type of set, on to other things like toys, masturbation, foot fetish, watersports, etc. "Artistic" is really just a normal set that they converted to black and white. Really dumb. This image shooting sequence makes many of the sets monotonous, even boring. In general, the girls do not look like they are having a very good time. It is all pretty much just straight show-me-the-money stuff, not very glamorous. Lots of gaping close-ups if you are into that. A handful of sets are girl/girl or guy/girl scenes but the vast majority are just solo.
Images come in three sizes, 682x1024 (who uses this?), 1080x1600 and 2000x3000.
Make-up is generally very good. No goofy eastern European eye shadow that I can find. I also noticed that the girls are generally very clean and well groomed. Mostly no pimples (anywhere), slap marks, bruises, razor burn, bad tattoos, etc. I don't think there is any or much photo-shopping...
The ranking of the models is a little odd. On a 1-5 scale (5 highest), there are a lot of unknown young models at the top of this list with only a few votes. Shyla Jennings is a 28th, Tiffany Thomspon is 15th. Early Zoey Kush is 94th. Early Jessie Rogers, complete with original Brazilian tan lines, is 62nd. Riley Marks is 85th. These model scores are not the sum of the scores of the sets, but a separate score for the models themselves. The reason I mention this is because it is not really possible to find the "best" girls or sets using the ranking system. You might find a model you like down in the 100-200 range. Oh, there are 657 ranked models. Surprisingly, most at the bottom are not bad looking, just victims of a bad photographer. Just reinforces my point about how useless the ranking system is. Might be more about the images than the girls.
There are quite a few videos of the models. Some masturbation videos are quite good, but many are just videos of the photo sets. Even a few guy/girl videos are just the photo sets, which is immensely disappointing. There are also a handful of behind the scenes videos...a big NOPE on those. Some of these girls you simply do NOT want to see before they put on make-up. Finding a video with the right combination of attractive girl and decent videography is very, very rare, but there are a few. Forget about anything hardcore, though. There are a couple, but it is extremely rare.
Perhaps the thing that taints my opinion of this site the most is the navigation speed and server response. When you try to open multiple windows, even to view images, the site times out. Oddly, download speed seems OK, though.
Bottom line? Well...if you are into amateur-ish solo photography, there is a huge collection here. Take a look at the previews and determine if this is the type of thing you like.
It seems like when i joined the site that was maintained really badly and had shady mechanisms in place but it turns out that when i registered it was during oan ongoing ddos attack of some sort and so my comment was based on these troubles. The site should not be blamed anymore but i will describe what happened anyways.
The first 5 days the server would boot me after downloading 5 - 10 movies . i would get constant error 503/504s (they basically blocked my ip from being able to view their site) for 20 minutes even after i was finished downloading.
and than i was promised the trouble was fixed and instead they have now throttled my download speeds (from 3.5 Mb/sec) to 150 kb/sec..
they advertise as no download limits and no other site has ever done this to me so i feel its not somethign that should be expected... I would understand if they throttled my speed to 50% but down to 5% of my top speed is pretty bad.
They should change their advertisements to reflect the download speed limitations as its pretty blatant false advertising
Their collection is great and vast but who cares when they are so restrictive on your downloading. If they cant handle high download speeds they shouldnt try or pretend to. Its very frusrtating that such a highly regarded site has such shady mechanisms in place.
EDITED 2: Everything has been working without any problems for the last couple of days so it looks like it was just a matter of bad luck by registering during the atttack on their website... since i have had no more problems though.... just like to let people know that my experience was based on my first week of subscription and it seems like it was just really bad time to register during the attacks.
I would definitely reccomend this site now if you are one of those people that likes sites with a lot to choose from..
FINAL EDIT: Since the DDOS attack ended i have had absolutely no problems with this site.. no limitations and no server errors.. it truly was just bad timing
I was also given a free 2 week pass to ATKPremium for the server troubles during the few days that they were attacked..
So I ignored the warnings from other review sites and signed up. The download speeds are horrible. Multiple tests show my network gets around 29 mbps download speeds. The download speed on ATK petites is about 150 kbps. The site is unusable and I cancelled my subscription.
I've been a member of ATK Hairy for years, always coming back despite the changes ATK Hairy made in direction with the site (more all-over hairy girls and fewer with just hairy pussies). But recently the quality has slipped. There have been some troubling developments. Updates have been multiple sets of one girl, instead of the eight sets of different girls, and in one case, the girl didn't even have a hairy bush! Today's update recycled content from at least ten years ago and called it the "Latest Update." Please.
The membership of ATK Hairy is long-established, and many are ready to quit the site. Much as it pains me to say it, if you are looking for good hairy porn right now, this isn't the site you need to be looking at.
Been here years ago - so why not try it again.
Well, yes I did - it's like back years and years in porn/style/quality.
They got over 8000 vids, wauw - and over 25.000 galleries.
But: None of that is real great material - it's like going back to the 1990th. And when looking for some earlier models: The vids are - still - close to trash - poor quality - no editing here.
And the newer material: Boring - for most models....and certainly not all here are exclusive - and in spite of the vast amount, I vasted my $29.95
I hadn't gotten any special offers for ATK Petites in a while, but I checked yesterday and had an offer for a package deal of ATK Petites with Foot Fetish Daily. Even though it was past the official expiration date of the offer, I was still able to use it, luckily, so I'll get to enjoy ATK Petites once again. Foot Fetish Daily is rather a charming anachronism of a site. If you thought that ALS Scan's website was dated-looking before their MetArt re-design, Foot Fetish Daily's site looks ancient. It doesn't look like the site has had a re-design in 10 years or more, but everything seems to work that needs to, so I'll enjoy poking around there as well.
...none of the links work. There aren't even any hyperlinks when hovering over the link to the discount, the one that says to check out ATKGirlfriends.com or even the one for "ask us here". I've tried three different browsers and there's just no reaching the site through my email. Seems someone at ATK needs to learn some basic HTML.
I recently changed my email address, to counter the various spam I was getting, and took the step of creating an alias for every site I signed up to. Eg if my email address is firstname.lastname@example.org, I'd create email@example.com when signing up to Saucy Site. The logic being that, if you start to receive unsolicited spam, the address it comes to will tell you where they found you - and you can just ditch that address if that happens.
Anyway, after signing up here, I started getting some random spammy things - not at all related to ATK or any other paysites - to the address I set up for ATK. So perhaps they are leaking addresses somewhere...?
Am avoiding irateness here, in case a plausible explanation turns up :)
Wow, $ 34.99 a month now! Either their "scary hairy" emphasis is attracting tons of new subscribers and they are cashing in on it, or the number of subscribers has dropped so dramatically that they have to raise the price in order to stay afloat. All other ATK sites appear to have kept the old subscription price.
Current Member for over 6 months (at the time of review).
-the site claims over 1,500 models, 3 million photos and 5,500 videos and it is likely true
-8 photo and 3 video updates daily
-recent (after 2011) photos in 3 formats: standard (682 x 1024), Medium (1064 x 1600) and High (2000 x 3000)
-recent videos (after 2011?) in multiple download formats: Flash, WMV, HD MP4, SD MP4, and Mobile
-all natural-breasted models
-hairy models ranging from pubic hair only to hair grown out everywhere
-a range of photographers with different styles
-both soft and hard core content, but mostly soft core
-tour is very good in representing the content within the site
-custom downloads of photo sets available
-few toys (good to me)
-the quality of photography varies (some use too little or too much light, an out of focus shot in a set, etc.)
-most models are white, amateur girls (see bottom line)
-sets are repetitive
-some unattractive models (to each their own)
-some photographers talk during the videos (not just during the interviews)
A site I keep coming back to time and again for quality hairy porn. The stable of photographers with their different styles and models (Argentinian, British, Russian, and American are common) means there is generally something for every type of fan of hairy women. The exception is ethnic women. They have an ethnic section, with at least one set a day, but compared to the other 7 photo updates a day, it seems slim. Models run the gamut from "WOW!" to "Woof" but that is a personal preference for each porn user.
The delivery of content is first rate. There are multiple formats, and with custom downloads, I have no complaints there. I can't say if it supports Download Management software as I don't use it, but downloads were quick for me. Sorry folks.
Some photographers are repetitive in their sets. LIL uses the same white and black background that drives me up a wall over and over again. Sean R is a fan favorite on the site and a major contributing photographer who specializes in gynocological spread shots. But there is a photographer for most tastes among those whose work appears on the site.
Like all ATK sites, ATK Natural & Hairy is focused on teen and amateur girls in largely indoor solo shoots. Some lesbian and some hardcore B/G shoots are on the site, But mostly it is girls stripping naked and masturbating with or, more commonly, without, a toy.
In all it is a good site for anyone looking for cute, hairy models with minimal toy usage, and lots of them.
Current Member for less than 1 month (at the time of review).
-Many attractive models
-Decent sized site overall
-Navigation is good
-Good variety of softcore, lesbian, hardcore
-Camerawork is generally good
-Zips of photosets, newer ones in 3 quality levels
-Newer videos are of respectable quality, typically 4 options available (SD wmv, HD mp4, SD mp4, and portable), I generally downloaded SD mp4
-No DRM, download managers work, respectable biller
-Most girls are natural
-Frequent updates, generally a photo and video set every day
-Sort of expensive
-No network access, no bonus sites
-Older videos and photos are substandard quality and older movies are often split in parts
-Not a lot of diversity in model body type or ethnicity
-HD scenes seem larger file-size wise than they have to be
-A fair amount (maybe 1/5 or so) of the video material is "behind the scenes" type of stuff, I don't mind it, but could be a negative for some
-Some material is not exclusive
Generally I think this site is pretty good, but not great. I sort of don't get the whole setup of all the ATK sites, what makes this one premium, is this site exclusively the hot girls? In general, I guess this is the case compared to some of their other sites as the hot/wtf ratio seems to be a good bit higher.
I liked the material here for the most part, but for some reason felt a bit disappointed here. Can't really put my finger on why. Most sites I join, I spend a fair amount more time poking around and checking things out, but I got tired of this one pretty fast for some reason. That isn't to say that they don't have some good material here, they certainly do, I just wasn't super-excited by it I guess.
As for the site itself, the navigation is pretty good: model index, scene ratings, scene tags, it is pretty easy to get around. The girls are generally of the thinner more natural body types, and they have both American and Euro stars.
Overall, I think I would recommend joining this site to those that never had before, but I don't know that I would recommend it as a repeat join even given the update schedule. They seem to do most things very well, and the models are generally quite attractive, so it is certainly worth a look.
Just an FYI, for those with the time and the extra $3.99, the trial cross sell to amkingdom is full access with no limits, so at least you can get two sites (briefly) for $34. Connection timeouts are long, so you can queue up the DL manager for quite a bit.
There is a clear cut division between those who love full body hair and those who like things more moderate eg. possible pit and pussy hair but no more than that.
Just to make a decision easier for either side here is a clear statement of intent by ATKowner addressed to someone who expressed a desire to see an otherwise gorgeous model without her heavy leg hair:
ATKOwner to xxxx:
I doubt very much if Monica would consider shaving her legs and to be honest with you we would not pass on such a request to her as we are about promoting hairyness in women. So we generally encourage women to grow out if they are willing but not the other way around.
This one seemed to come out of the blue. I haven't joined any ATK sites for years and don't recall getting any offers from them in the past. But there's now a $12.99 a month offer sitting in my inbox. So, if you've ever considered joining this one, check your inbox and spam.
Was a member approx. 2 months prior to this review.
1) Hair is paramount. If'un you like hair on broads, then here you won't be disappointed.
2) Site boast of having millions of pictures. Well, bully for them. I'd have to say that might be a bit of a stretch.
3) Claims to be 12 times the size of any other hairy site. Does it also mean 12 times the cost?
4) zip files for downloads. Small watermarks on pics, larger on videos. No DRM.
5) Promotion touts of having 1577 models.
Well, I guess if they say so .....
6) 5,549 videos. Could be, but the 30 days I was there they musta been in hiding.
7) Updates appear to roll in as promoted.
8) HD on more recent shoots.
9) Some very pretty gals are in the lineup, European, Asian, Latina and American; predictably, a lotta plain-Jane's are there, too. Then there are those who're are just plain ugly.
10) You have solo, soft core, toy, boy/girl hardcore, and lesbian.
1) Sometimes I'd corralled a beauty only to suddenly see her wander off somewhere.
2) Poor selection of medias, having WMV pitted against two other unknowns.
3) Streaming went smoothly, however, Buffering was unceasingly long and tedious.
4) From my viewpoint, I thought the video-shoots and directing sorely lacked the quality subscribers deserved.
5)Same-'olé-same-'olé .....what with too many and long closeups, and particularly ones that dwell on the genitalia. I can only assume The guy shooting just falls asleep at his camera. The man must belong to a damed good union.
6) Small watermarks on pics, bigger ones but none obtrusive on videos
7) Maybe it's my lack of electronic wizardry, but I simply couldn't find the combination to opening pics on a full screen.
Prepare to stare at a lot of hair.
Hair here, hair there, hair everywhere.
Nary model dare to be hair-bare, and that's fair
(jus' thought I'd throw that in)
I went for this $21 deal because I strongly favor seeing natural hair where it's supposed to be on women. It's sexier, more erotic, and adds that important element of realism to the scenes.
This site does a very good job of giving us that, but sadly, eroticism falls woefully short. For one thing, the girls move around too much. No sooner than I get into a clip than the model jumps up and leaps onto something else. Another erotic spoiler is the over-use of smiles ....I know readers don't share or agree to that, but when a gal is in the throes of sexual release, smiles ought to be minimal.! They're necessary I know, but porn isn't Comedy Central and I just don't find them compatible with serious porn.
Cameramen and directors here tend to follow the same old trend that shooting genital closeups are gold. When, for crying out loud, will these numb-nuts wise up and give us a break, already?..... Thanks to vaginal over-exposure I think I now know more about the female pussies than my x-wife's gynecologist.
In my judgment, I'd recommend this site for all who wants to see hair. Otherwise, it's just plain-old generic porn.
Admittedly, I got a bang-for-my-buck for what I paid, but I don't think I'd opt for thirty.
I like to keep my eye on this site, just to see if it is worthwhile re-subscribing, and noticed that the latest updates listed on the tour are from December 29, 2012. Could a member please clue me in if the updates are still on a daily basis. Thanks.
Current Member for less than 1 month (at the time of review).
Vast amount of old Aunt Judys/Older women material stored in the archives.
Very much improved members' page under the new management of ATK.
Much improved quality in Hi-Res picture sets and an even more startling improvement in videos over those offered by “Older Women” in the past. Most updates (except remastered ones) are now in true HD.
Same excellent search engine as in the other ATK sites.
Access to ATK Lounge.
No download restrictions.
Fast download speeds ... however, read below.
Streaming a video is discouraged, so that more bandwidth is available for downloads. Despite my fast download speeds (max of my modem) navigation within the site was sluggish.***
Download managers are not allowed. I wasn't sure if Firefox' DTA, when downloading one video at a time, was considered to be a true manager and used it consistently without being stopped. If I crossed the line, my apologies to the new managers of the site. ***
*** This was only recommended during the first few days. Streaming and Download Managers are now allowed. Score upgraded by 5.
Updates are a mixture of Aunt Judy and “bonus” picture sets and videos imported from ATK Natural and Hairy (Mature Hairy). This has caused complaints from those who are subscribing to both sites at the same time. I was surprised myself when I downloaded some picture sets and found that I had them already from a previous membership to ATK N&H.
I must confess that it was a disappointing month for me. I had received an email by the old "Aunt Judys/Older Women” site offering me a membership for $ 9.95 a month (recurring), with the notification that the site was now under new management. I had not liked AJ/OW for a long time because the “tease and erotic factor” had declined dramatically over the past few years, but could not resist .. just to see how ATK would do with one of my formerly favorite sites.
My first impression was and still is: not ready for prime time. Without the imports from “Mature Hairy” their updates would be very skimpy but what saddens me more is that ATK's new content is every bit as bland as that of the former site in its dying years. And no I am not calling for hardcore material, just for more excitement in the solos.
This might appear to be a very unfair assessment when viewed from the “web owner's“ side but I have to repeat once again that any review, especially that of a layman, has to be subjective so take my score with a grain of salt. Not everyone feels the way I do. And I still believe that the new management will eventually create a very attractive site. If it will be for me remains to be seen.
Old AJ (pre 2007 or so): lots and lots of enticing lingerie, or a prolonged strip, on attractive “housewifey” models.
New AJ/OW (until take-over by ATK): most models came with three very basic items of clothing that they would take off within the first few pictures of a set, or within a couple of minutes if it was a video.
New ATK AJ: same thing, which can make a set very boring unless one absolutely loves a model and collects her, no matter how utilitarian and sparse her attire may be.
My old complaint, as in so many other sites, is that the tease factor has disappeared and, without that, so has my libido when it comes to most sets or videos. There are only so many positions you can place a naked body in so, why give them so little to wear and why undress them so quickly. At least if you dressed the women in more than the “bare” essentials there would be a difference from set to set.
I let the subscription lapse (yesterday was my last day) despite the low price because I could not find any picture sets during the past month that truly excited me. I gave some of them high marks because of the model herself, or because of factors like quality and lighting and crispness of picture etc. Or because of the way the photographer posed his models but it was done half-heartedly.
I sincerely hope that the pendulum will eventually swing back to the way things were and that at least one set from a shoot will contain a nice strip or lingerie.
Protecting Minors We are strong supporters of RTA and ICRA, two of the most recognized self labeling organizations. Our site is properly labeled to assist in the protection of minors accessing inappopriate content. For information about filtering tools, check this site.
DISCLAIMER: ALL MODELS APPEARING ON THIS WEBSITE ARE 18 YEARS OR OLDER.
To report child pornography, go directly to ASACP! We're proud to be a corporate sponsor.
Have concerns or questions about porn addiction? We recommend this helpful resource.